Manipur has a rich bio-diversity and possess many rare and endangered species. The conservation of the ecosystem by restoring forest cover, maintaining the sources of perennial water required for drinking and irrigation purposes and sustaining agriculture which in turn is linked to the livelihood of the people is very important to sustain life on this planet. The sustainable management of ecosystem, biodiversity and livelihood requirements must go hand in hand with climate friendly practices and adaptations to the dynamic situation that may arise during execution of the programme.
Climate Change has its adverse impacts on ecosystem, agricultural productivity, water resources, socio-economy and sustainability. It may also alter the fragile mountain ecosystem of the Himalayan region. Natural geological wealth, forestry, wild life, flora, fauna and biodiversity, water bodies, traditional knowledge, socio-economy and mountain agriculture which characterize the region are likely to be severely impacted by climate change.
Appropriate efforts are taken up at present in the state, to deal with climate change issues but are not adequate, lack integration and networking. Limited and fragmented knowledge hinders the efforts made towards tackling climate change issues. Apart from compartmentalized knowledge, adaptation strategies are required to be configured in a means that simultaneously address livelihood needs and environmental sustainability. Proactive measures for adaptation to climate variability and change can substantially reduce many of the adverse impacts, and thus contribute to livelihood security of the vulnerable rural population in the state.
Hence, a dedicated Climate Change Cell which function under the roof of Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur was established in the year 2015 to facilitate and monitor the impact of climate change. This cell has a research, advisory and coordinating role on climate change issues. It will be a single-window contact for dealing with the state government and other external funding agencies in issues pertaining to uptake of climate change related proposed actions. This will be a multi-stakeholder platform which includes NGOs, bi-lateral and multi-lateral agencies and various Central Government Departments.
Climate Change Cell was established to address the existing as well as future challenges of climate change and takes actions to reduce the associated risks and vulnerabilities. The Cell also act as the Nodal Agency, in collaboration with 20 line government departments / agencies of Manipur Government for preparing the Manipur State Action Plan on Climate Change(SAPCC).
The Cell exist to work out certain strategy and activities in consonance with the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC). It focuses on the protection of the poor and vulnerable sections of society through an inclusive & sustainable development strategy, sensitive to climate change. The Cell stands to adapt & combat the climate change issues in the state.
The main functions of this cell are given as below:
- The climate change cell- Manipur emphasised mainly on the research activities on climate change issues to minimise the data gap. The cell also develops policies and carries on case studies related to climate change adaptation practices.
- The cell works on to develop the climate change resource material and helps supports line departments/ agencies for preparation of proposal.
- The cell also functions as a disseminating agent for the climate change information by organizing workshops/interaction programme at different forum/ level.
- The climate change cell works and develop MIS for monitoring various climate change factors and impacts.
- The cell functions as the updating agency of the regional climate change database and information.
- The climate change cell gives advisory services and message towards the society on climate change adaption.