Imphal West is one of the four valley districts of Manipur situated in the central region of the state. The district is considered as the most urbanized and densely populated. Out of the total population of 517992, the male and female population are 255054 and 262938 respectively. The literacy rate stands at 86.08% while the sex ratio is recorded as 99.05%. The population density of the district is 992 per sq km. The percentage of total workers population is 41.20% and the rest belongs to non workers category. Among the workers population, cultivators and agricultural laborers constitute 17.4 percent and 6.0 percent respectively. Percentage of household industry workers (9.3 percent of the total workers) is second highest of all the districts (state average is 7.0 percent).
Demographically, the district is surrounded by Senapati district in the north, in the east by Imphal East and Thoubal districts, in the south by Thoubal and Bishnupur districts, and in the west by Senapati and Bishnupur districts. The district is defined as valley type in nature. The average latitude and longitude of the district is 25°5'31.99" N - 24°39'45.25" N and 94°8'49.32" E - 93°53'47.55" E. The general elevation of Imphal West is around 790 m above mean sea level. The district covers total area of 519 sq km and stood seventh in terms of area wise in the whole state.
According to the Forest Survey of India, 2017 report, the district has 16% moderate forest cover followed by 38% open degraded forests. There is no dense forest cover in the district. The change is probably due to the conversion of ecosystem services and natural habitat to industrial settlements, agricultural farm and urbanization leading to habitat loss, degradation and deforestation. Such condition of environmental factors imbalances the natural climate leading to global warming by increasing the carbon dioxide level and decreasing the oxygen percentage in the atmosphere. It is therefore logical to assume that changes in climate would alter the configuration of forest ecosystems.
The climate is moderate type with annual rainfall going up to 603.66 mm (2015) and daily maximum temperature increase up to 34.74 degree celsius and minimum temperature range from 2.61 to 3.5 degree celsius. High rainfall is observed during the pre monsoon and monsoon season followed by the post monsoon. The rainfall is minimal during the winter season of the year. Changes in rainfall and temperatures have also been reported in the district. Important rivers like Imphal River, Nambul River, Thoubal River and their tributaries are flowing in the district.
Manipuri or Meitei lon is the major language of Imphal west. The district is formed by different communities and other indigenous group. The economy of the district is agrarian in nature; the agricultural product is also one of the economic parameter of the district. Besides, the district is well known in tourism activity. There are many spots in the Imphal west which attracts the tourist. Some of the important tourist spots in the district are Manipur State Museum, Saheed Minar, Zoological Garden, Langthabal Old Palace, Ima Market, Nupi Lal complex, ISKCON Temple, Hiyangthang Temple complex etc.
Greenery or re-forestations are the steps taken up in large landscape, wasteland areas and deforestation under government initiatives with public participation. Scientific intervention is also essential from both Government and local communities so as to develop a climate resilient sustainable system in the district.